Filter feeding moves waterVenus flower basket
Filter feeding mechanism of sponge moves water through body by intaking low and releasing high.
Leaves channel watersacred fig
The leaves of some tropical plants channel water off their surface via unique shape, called drip tips.
Leaf surfaces are hydrophobicLady's mantle
The leaves of the Lady's mantle plant have a hydrophobic surface due to dense hairs.
Architecture avoids flooding, creates microclimatesants
The nests of fungus-growing ants avoid flood damage and create uniform microclimates via necklace-like or tree-like architecture.
Highly stretchable stipe resists breakingBull kelp
Highly stretchable stipe of bull kelp resists breaking because of restraining cellulose fibers
Feather structure insulatesCanada goose
Down feathers of geese insulate through special architecture.
Arterial walls resist stretch disproportionatelycephalopods
The arterial walls of cephalopods and arthropods resist stretch disproportionately as stretch increases due to tissue architecture.
Wood resists fracturetrees
Wood of trees resists crosswise fracture via complex architecture.
Wing scales cause light to diffract and interfereMorpho butterflies
Wings of Morpho butterflies create color by causing light waves to diffract and interfere.
Pattern diversityforest floor
Leaves on a forest floor create aesthetically seamless surfaces by exhibiting organized chaos.
Structure and shape provide flexibilityvines
Architecture of vines increases flexibility via soft tissue components and ribbon-like shape.
Silica skeleton is tough and stableVenus flower basket
The silica skeleton of the Venus’ flower basket sea sponge is tough and stable because multiple levels of organization each help to manage forces.
Blubber structure stores and releases energyporpoise
Blubber between the porpoise's dorsal fin and tail flukes decreases amount of metabolic energy needed to swim because it is crosshatched with elastic fibers.