Nest structurally reinforcedjet ant
The carton nests of jet ants are reinforced by the hyphae of resident fungi.
Fungal root-rot renews forestmountain hemlock forests
Fungal root-rot renews mountain hemlock forests by causing nitrogen release.
Ecovative DesignEcovative Design
Biodegradable, compostable packaging
Central holdfast attaches to rockrock tripe lichen
Lichen attach to rocks via a central holdfast (umbilicus).
VOCs used as carbon and energy sourcefungus
The metabolism of fungal species can gain energy and carbon from two different volatile organic compounds.
Bacterial consortium suppresses pathogenssoil microbiomes
Bacteria in soils work together to suppress plant-killing pathogens by involving a complex tight-knit consortia of soil microbes.
Metabolism induces formation of calcium carbonateAlternaria
Metabolism in Alternaria fungi sequestrate carbon dioxide by forming calcium carbonate through the assimilation of nitrate.
Enzymes degrade fluoranthenePleurotus ostreatus
Extracellular enzymes and mycelial growth in Pleurotus ostreatus fungi remove fluoranthene from their environment through biodegradation.
Cellular structure allows for growth under extreme pressureAspergillus ustus mold
The hyphae of Aspergillus ustus mold can function and grow at more than 1000 m below sea level by adopting a micro-spherical shape.