Non-polar compounds facilitate movement of chemicalsArdistomis schaumii beetle
Defense chemicals secreted by Ardistomis schaumii beetles can pass directly through the exoskeletons of their foes with the aid of special solvents.
Protein bindsflesh-eating bacteria
A protein in the flesh-eating bacteria binds to human cells to allow invasion by having a 3D structure stabilized by an additional covalent bond.
Compounds disrupt malaria parasitered macroalgae
Bromophycolide compounds in the Fijian red seaweed provide protection against malaria by interrupting the parasite's ability to protect itself from toxic byproducts.
Teeth are strong and resilientchiton
The teeth of chitons resist cracking because of the highly ordered, submicroscopic architecture that features a partnership between hard mineral crystals and fibers.
Bacteria use chemical signals to communicatebacteria
Bacteria sense each other using chemicals to determine local density.
Chemical defenses protect from parasitestobacco
The leaves of tobacco protect from parasitic insects by releasing a chemical signal, inducing production in adjacent cells of a compound toxic to invertebrates.