Structures maximize light absorptionplants
Thylakoid structures of plants and cyanobacteria maximize exposure to light by being stacked and cross-linked.
Red leaves hide plants from insectsplants
Anthocyanins in leaves camouflage the plant from insects and make insects more vulnerable to predators by inhibiting the reflecting of green wavelengths.
ChromaFlair Color-Shifting PaintsJDSU
Color-shifting paint without pigments
The cell walls of wood in trees self-assemble through structural features, not biochemistry.
Photosynthesis converts solar energy into chemical energyplants
Photosynthesis in plants converts solar energy into chemical energy using electrons and protons from water.
Chemical protects from diseasegrapes
The chemical defense system of grapes protects from fungi and bacterial threats via the antioxidant trans-resveratrol.
Flower structures protect pollenangiosperms
Structures of flowers protect their pollen from rain by various physical structures.
Skin is a multifunctional materialhuman
Skin of humans serves multiple functions (sensing, healing, actuation, etc.) because of integrated components that all work together.