Muscles produce energy and heatmammals
Muscles are contractile tissues that produce force and cause motion through a process involving electrical impulses and metabolization of glucose, producing ATP and lactic acid.
Sharks are efficient swimmers in part due to their complex hydroskeleton.
Flexible spine increases speedcheetah
The spine of the cheetah increases its running speed because its flexiblity allows longer stride lengths.
Change increases aerodynamic performancecommon swift
Wings of gliding birds increase aerodynamic performance by continuously changing shape and size.
Gait increases speed, efficiencyostrich
The legs of the ostrich increase maneuverability while decreasing torque loads to their joints due to biomechanical efficiency.
Scales manipulate flowShortfin mako shark
Scales on sharks influence drag and thrust during swimming by manipulating fluid flow next to the body.
Wing structure allows rapid accelerationdragonfly
The wings of a dragonfly help it accelerate rapidly due to their asynchronous operation.
Body designed for fast, efficient swimmingshortfin mako shark
The bodies of shortfin mako sharks and some tuna are designed for fast, efficient swimming thanks to internalized red muscle associated with a force-transmission system.
Microstructure offers efficient flightdragonfly
Wings of dragonflies offer highly efficient flight and lightweight characteristics due to a series of adaptive materials that form a very complex composite structure.
Moving efficiently through wateraquatic animals
Aquatic organisms move effectively through water by maximizing propulsion efficiency.
Shark paintFraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Applied Materials Research IFAM
Coating that reduces drag and UV damage, and has other properties
Gills exchange oxygen efficientlyfish
The gills of fish remove oxygen from water with extreme efficiency because water flows countercurrent to capillary blood flow.