Hydrophobicity enhances solubilityvertebrates
Elastin fibers in arteries form when tropoelastin molecules come out of solution thanks to solubility-enhancing hydrophobicity.
Surface allows self-cleaningsacred lotus
Leaves of the sacred lotus are self-cleaning thanks to hydrophobic microscale bumps.
Wing surface self-cleansMorpho butterfly
Wing surface of Morpho butterfly sheds water and dirt via hydrophobic microstructure.
Leaf surfaces are hydrophobicLady's mantle
The leaves of the Lady's mantle plant have a hydrophobic surface due to dense hairs.
Hydrophobic de-icingHarvard University (Aizenberg lab)
De-icing without chemicals
Spider creates underwater air tankwater spider
The water spider stores air underwater in a hydrophobic, bell-shaped web.
Leaf structure retains air layer underwaterwater fern
The leaf structure of the Salvinia water fern retains a layer of air when submerged in water due to water-resistant hairs that possess water-attracting tips.
Friction-reducing ship coatingFraunhofer CML
A superhydrophobic coating on the outside of ships reduces frictional resistance, allowing vessels to move more easily through the water.