Butterfly-inspired solar surfaceResearch Institute of Composite Materials, Shanghai Jiaotong University
Highly efficient solar collector
Scales enhance wing colorswordtail butterfly
Scales on the ventral side of swordtail butterfly wings enhance blue/green coloring via light reflection and diffusion.
Reflectance causes white colorcabbage butterfly
The wings of the cabbage butterfly are white due to longitudinal ridges and cross-ribs studded with ovoid beads.
Choice of plant reduces parasite loadmonarch butterfly
Monarch butterflies infected with parasites capable of infecting their offspring avoid transmission by selectively laying their eggs on plants containing therapeutic remedies.
Butterfly wing scale photonicsUniversity of Cambridge NanoPhotonics Centre
From butterflies' wings to bank notes - how nature's colors could cut bank fraud.
Wing surface self-cleansMorpho butterfly
Wing surface of Morpho butterfly sheds water and dirt via hydrophobic microstructure.
Mouthpart functions changebutterfly
The mouthparts of a caterpillar and its butterfly serve drastically different functions with minimal energy loss because they arise from the same basic morphological pattern.