Slippery Liquid Infused Porous Surface SLIPSThe Aizenberg Biomineralization and Biomimetics Lab, Harvard University
Self-cleaning coating that mimics pitcher plants
Metabolic and oxidation processes break down hydrocarbonsFungi
Metabolic and oxidation processes used by various species of fungi digest harmful hydrocarbons by breaking down their structures
Leaves resist gravitational loadingbroad-leaved trees
The broad leaf of a tree resists gravitational loading through its internal anisotropic structure: liquid-filled cells along the bottom resist compression, and, along the top, long cells with lengthwise fibers resist tension.
Byssus threads resist forcesblue mussel
The byssus threads of mollusks are strong anchors that can resist hydrodynamic forces because of mechanically distinct regions within each thread.
Leaves channel dew as water sourceWelwitschia
The long leaves of desert Welwitschia capture water by collecting dew and channeling it into the ground where a large tap root can absorb it.
Leaf traits and functions adapt to demands of local nicheplants
Plants maximize photosynthetic returns on investments in leaf production by adopting strategies that cater to the demands of their biological surroundings.
Secretions repel insects, bacteriagiraffe
The skin and hair of giraffes may repel ticks, mosquitoes and bacteria via secreted chemical compounds, particularly indole, skatole, and p-cresol.
Mosquitoes detect carbon dioxidemalarial mosquitoes
The olfactory system of malarial mosquitoes detects carbon dioxide from potential hosts via a sensory mouth appendage, called a maxillary palp.
Antennae sense vibrationsmosquito
The antennae of male mosquitoes sense vibrations via fine, hair-like structures that respond to oscillations of air particles.
Secretion repels mosquitoesgaur
The skin of the gaur deters landing and feeding by mosquitoes by secreting an oily substance, a novel 18-carbon acid.
Malaria vector chosen as preferred preyjumping spider
The sensory system of an East African jumping spider is able to select blood-filled malarial mosquitoes as its preferred prey based on its superior vision.