Ecosystems recover from disturbancecoral reefs
The reorganization of coral reefs after disturbances depends on surviving individuals, spatial distribution, mobile link organisms, and import of larvae from outside the area.
Optimizing exposure to sunlightstony corals
Reef corals optimize the amount of light available to the algae they host by branching in patterns similar to those found in plants.
STICKS lightweight structural systemTECTONICA Architecture
Novel antiseismic, sustainable structural system of reinforced concrete
Shells are toughred abalone
The shell of the red abalone resists breakage due to a brick and mortar structure.
Plant species diversity creates long-term stabilityprairie grasslands
Diverse plant species in prairie grasslands support a long-term, stable ecosystem because they exhibit complementary functionality.
Cone scales are humidity-sensitivepine
The scales of pine cones flex passively in response to changes in moisture levels via a two-layered structure.
Leaves capture waterbromeliads
The leaves of some bromeliads capture water and nutrients in a storage tank via hydrophobic leaf surfaces.
Species diversity maximizes limited nutrient resourcestropical rainforests
Species diversity in tropical rainforests maximizes limited resources by collecting nutrients and water immediately upon availability via superficial root systems
Architecture avoids flooding, creates microclimatesants
The nests of fungus-growing ants avoid flood damage and create uniform microclimates via necklace-like or tree-like architecture.
Cytoplasm seeks efficient routesslime mold
Cytoplasm of slime molds creates efficient connective networks using adaptive foraging strategies.