Root systems control erosionvascular plants
Root systems of plants control erosion through architectural characteristics.
Architecture avoids flooding, creates microclimatesants
The nests of fungus-growing ants avoid flood damage and create uniform microclimates via necklace-like or tree-like architecture.
Structure and shape provide flexibilityvines
Architecture of vines increases flexibility via soft tissue components and ribbon-like shape.
Pattern diversityforest floor
Leaves on a forest floor create aesthetically seamless surfaces by exhibiting organized chaos.
Mound facilitates gas exchangemound-building termites
The internal structure of above-ground macrotermite mounds facilitates gas exchange in the below-ground nest by harnessing external wind energy
Cork bars water, dissolved ions and gasescork oak
Cork of cork oak provides a barrier to water, dissolved ions and gases due to tissues containing long-chain aliphate molecules.
Relationship provides nutrients, stabilitybracket fungi and trees
Bracket fungi and mature trees gain nutrients for both and structural stability for the trees thanks to their mutualistic relationship.
Rhizomorphs distribute water between plantsmycorrhizal fungi
Rhizomorphs in mycorrhizal fungi maintain plant hydration by transporting fluid between the root systems of neighboring plants
Communities prevent asbestos dispersionplants and lichens
Communities of plants and lichens limit dispersion of asbestos mine fibers by spontaneous colonization due to xerophytism, metal tolerance, and pioneerism.
Self-repairing concreteNatural Process Design, Inc.
Self-repair that increases durability of concrete structures
Partner diversity increases growthacacia tree
The growth rate of the acacia tree increases by having sequential associations of several partners to meet changing needs.
Self-repairing ConcreteAdvanced Civil Engineering - Materials Research Lab at the Univeristy of Michigan
Flexible and self-repairing concrete to revolutionize infrastructure