Filters prevent cloggingBasking Shark, American paddlefish
Filtering structures in filter-feeding fishes prevent clogging by redirecting water flow inside the mouth.
Suckers allow fine attachmentoctopus
Suckers of the octopus hold objects smaller than the suckers by having tiny projections called denticles, 3-micrometer-diameter pegs.
Catapulting transports wormsnematode
Nematodes leap from one soil particle to another using built up surface tension to catapult themselves.
Low-energy air transportflying squirrels
The extensions of skin attached to the legs of flying squirrels enables low-energy air transport by serving as a deployable gliding surface.
Rolling locomotion aids escapemother-of-pearl moth caterpillar
The body of the mother-of-pearl moth caterpillar escapes predators by anchoring its tail, recoiling, and rolling backwards.
Fiber arrangement is highly efficientBamboos
Fibers in stems of bamboo use materials efficiently because of their arrangement
Structure distributes stressScots Pine
Trunks and branches of trees withstand external stresses through load-adaptive growth.
Morphing wing structureBiomimetics & Dexterous Manipulation Laboratory
Semi-rigid wing segments passively unlatch from one another to reduce drag and delay stall in gusty conditions.
Thermally-tintable glass, Thermally dynamic walls
CAO and SKO design softwareDepartment of Biomechanics at the Institute for Materials Research II of the Karlsruhe Research Centre
Lightweighting software reduces resource use, saves energy
Strait PowerStrait Power
Basking Shark inspires improved hydropower turbine
Circular, tapering beams stabilizeplants
Cantilever-like structures such as long necks and antennae of many organisms stabilize via circular, tapering structure.
Why Birds are the World’s Best EngineersThe New York Times
A nest is a "disordered stick bomb," resilient in ways humans have hardly begun to understand, much less emulate.