Filters prevent cloggingBasking Shark, American paddlefish
Filtering structures in filter-feeding fishes prevent clogging by redirecting water flow inside the mouth.
Suckers allow fine attachmentoctopus
Suckers of the octopus hold objects smaller than the suckers by having tiny projections called denticles, 3-micrometer-diameter pegs.
Catapulting transports wormsnematode
Nematodes leap from one soil particle to another using built up surface tension to catapult themselves.
Low-energy air transportflying squirrels
The extensions of skin attached to the legs of flying squirrels enables low-energy air transport by serving as a deployable gliding surface.
Rolling locomotion aids escapemother-of-pearl moth caterpillar
The body of the mother-of-pearl moth caterpillar escapes predators by anchoring its tail, recoiling, and rolling backwards.
Fiber arrangement is highly efficientBamboos
Fibers in stems of bamboo use materials efficiently because of their arrangement
Structure distributes stressScots Pine
Trunks and branches of trees withstand external stresses through load-adaptive growth.
Morphing wing structureBiomimetics & Dexterous Manipulation Laboratory
Semi-rigid wing segments passively unlatch from one another to reduce drag and delay stall in gusty conditions.
Thermally-tintable glass, Thermally dynamic walls
CAO and SKO design softwareDepartment of Biomechanics at the Institute for Materials Research II of the Karlsruhe Research Centre
Lightweighting software reduces resource use, saves energy
Strait PowerStrait Power
Basking Shark inspires improved hydropower turbine
Circular, tapering beams stabilizeplants
Cantilever-like structures such as long necks and antennae of many organisms stabilize via circular, tapering structure.
Why Birds are the World’s Best EngineersThe New York Times
A nest is a "disordered stick bomb," resilient in ways humans have hardly begun to understand, much less emulate.
The Sand Dollar and the Slide RuleDelta Willis
This book explores the relationship between natural forms and human design, touching on topics such as wings and flight, economy of motion, and mathematics.
Beak cuts up foodtrogons
The beak of trogon birds is used in part for securing food and cutting it up thanks to serrated cutting edges.
Head bores through woodshipworm
The head of a shipworm bores circular burrows in wood thanks to raspy, rotating shells.
Mineral crystals enhance cutting abilitylimpet
The radula of Patella limpets has cutting tips that incorporate magnetite crystals and silicon dioxide.
Ovipositor drills through woodparasitic wasps
The 10 cm long ovipositor of the parasitic wasp, Megarhyssa ichneumon, drills several centimeters through solid wood using reciprocating rather than rotatory motion.