Design process from Technical University of Denmark uses an iterative process called computational morphogenesis to optimize structural shape and material usage.


  • Efficient
  • Reduced costs
  • Reduced waste


  • Bridge and building design
  • Consumer goods
  • Aerospace
  • Aviation

UN Sustainable Development Goals Addressed

  • Goal 9: Industry Innovation & Infrastructure

  • Goal 12: Responsible Production & Consumption

The Challenge

Sustainable design involves optimizing the performance of products while minimizing the consumption of energy and resources. An important concern in the design process, especially in industrial and mechanical design, is material distribution. Traditional design methods may not optimize  a product’s shape, prompting designers to use more material than needed. However, new AI technologies have created opportunities to explore different, more effective design options.

Innovation Details

This computer-aided design tool uses giga-voxel resolution computational morphogenesis to solve design problems. The computer is programmed with complex mathematical formulas that assign design rules and variables to many discreet points within the structure. The computer runs through an iterative process in which structural analyses optimize the amount and location of material being used. The overall process creates designs for products and structures with optimized material distribution, potentially reducing resource consumption, emissions, and project costs.

Biomimicry Story

Computational morphogenesis parallels plant and animal evolution. Distribution ratios of strength to weight, or capacity to efficiency, help ensure that plants and animals make effective use of resources, keeping them alive. Evolution is nature’s design process; nature tests, adapts, and repeats to refine systems to operate most efficiently.