The thermostabile TAR-1 strain of Bacillus bacteria breaks down certain components of plant cell walls without breaking down cellulose via xylanase enzymes.


"Since the demonstration that alkali-treated wood pulp could be biologically bleached by xylanases instead of by the usual environmentally damaging chemical process involving chlorine, the search for thermostable alkaline xylanases has been extensive…xylanases [from an alkaliphilic and thermophilic Bacillus strain, TAR-1] did not act on cellulose, indicating a possible application of the enzyme in biological debleaching processes." (Horikoshi 1999:745)

Journal article
Alkaliphiles: Some Applications of Their Products for BiotechnologyHorikoshi, Koki

Living System/s

Apple BlossomBacillusSpecies