Fibers of bamboo and trees provide toughness by their simple structure of fiber‑reinforced composites

“[I]t has been found that
these natural biomaterials [bamboos and trees] have very reasonable structures which gives
them many excellent properties, such as good carrying capacity, good
toughness, self-healing, and so on. Furthermore, these biomaterials have
very fine and special structures rather than complicated compositions…For example, trees and
bamboos are typical long, fiber-reinforced composites. Their fibers have
different sizes and arranged modes in structure so that they can
display the optimal behaviors under tensile, bending, compressing stress
and other applied load…So, the complicated and reasonable structure of natural biomaterials
can give us an important insight into making better structure materials
through biomimetic design.” (Wang et al. 2000:9)

Wang CA; Huang Y; Zan Q; Guo H; Cai S. 2000. Biomimetic structure design – a possible approach to change the brittleness of ceramics in nature. Materials Science and Engineering C 11(1):9-12.

Last Updated August 18, 2016