Spiral structure of whitebark pine reduces stress from wind and also distributes nutrients

Blue arrows show deflection of wind as a result of spiral structure. Green arrows represent nutrients being distributed through the spiral structure to all aspects of the tree.
Created by Emily Harrington of eh illustration, http://www.ehillustration.com. This work shall be and remain at all times the shared property of Emily Harrington and the Biomimicry 3.8 Institute, and Emily Harrington grants to the Biomimicry 3.8 Institute a non-terminating, nonexclusive, non-limiting right to use the materials for educational purposes. Any use by outside parties requires permission from Emily Harrington and can be requested from [email protected] or through the Biomimicry 3.8 Institute.