Byssal threads of marine mussels form quickly via liquid crystal phase proteins.

“In marine mussels (Mytilus), byssal threads are made in minutes from prefabricated smectic liquid crystals by a process resembling reaction injection molding. The mesogens in these arrays are known to be natural block copolymers with rodlike collagen cores.” (Hassenkam et al. 2004:1351)

Last Updated August 18, 2016