protect from floods
Nature’s refined solutions, mapped to your design challenges.
Photoperiod affects immune responseSiberian hamster
Macrophages in Siberian hamsters respond differently to pathogens depending on the photoperiod.
Eyes allow clear vision in both air and waterwhirligig beetle
Eyes of the whirligig beetle have different surfaces to match the refractive indexes of both air and water.
Hair helps cool the bodySaharan Silver Ant
The hair of the Saharan silver ant keeps it cool by efficiently reflecting light and heat energy while also dissipating excess heat.
View all Biological Strategies
Design solutions to human challenges, inspired by biological strategies.
eSkinPennDesign (Sabin + Lucia), UPenn School of Medicine (Jones Lab), Penn Engineering & Applied Sciences (Yang, Engheta, Van der Spiegel)
Adaptive, sensory building skins
Seal Blade low drag airfoilVirtual Interchange for Nature-Inspired Exploration, NASA Glenn Research Center (Vikram Shyam, Adam Wroblewski, Philip Poinsatte, Christopher Snyder), The Ohio State University (Ali Ameri), US Army Research Laboratory (Douglas Thurman )
Undulations in the 3D profile of turbine blades reduce drag.
Shinkansen TrainJapan Railways Group
High speed train silently slices through air
View all Inspired Ideas
Everything you need to learn and teach about biomimicry and life centered design.
Creating a Bio-Industrial Revolution | Janine BenyusTED Archive
Janine Benyus speaks about how biomimicry can shape new approaches to materials and manufacturing.
Nature Is The Ultimate 3-D Printer: Can We Make Our New Manufacturing As Clean?Janine Benyus
Janine Benyus explains why we must green 3-D printing while the technology is still in its infancy.
Biomimicry versus Biophilia: What’s the Difference?Allison Bernett for Terrapin Bright Green
This article describes the difference between two commonly confused concepts and includes a practice quiz.
View all Resources
Themed clusters of strategies, ideas, and resources, curated by you.
New to biomimicry? Below is a selection of our favorite biomimicry resources to help you get acquainted with this diverse and growing field.
A growing collection of content created by our talented and dedicated AskNature volunteers
Creatures of Sanibel Island
What can we learn from creatures that call Sanibel Island home?
View all Collections
How might we …
Here are a few Biological Strategies to get you started …
Photosynthesis converts solar energy into chemical energyplants
Photosynthesis in plants converts solar energy into chemical energy using electrons and protons from water.
Pupil enables clear vision in extreme light conditionsTokay Gecko, ,
The pupil of nocturnal geckos enables clear vision in extreme light conditions by becoming very large at night and constricting to a thin slit with several pinholes during the day.
Hairy legs manipulate sticky web strandsSpinybacked orbweaver, Golden Silk Orbweaver
Leg hairs of orb-weaver spiders enable sticky web manipulation by reducing contact area.
From permaculture to Velcro® to winglets, humans have been looking to nature for inspiration for as long as we’ve been inventing. Inspired Ideas catalog the stories behind realized and conceptual product, service, and system components that have their roots in biology …
The Land Institute permacultureThe Land Institute
Perennial grain cropping mimics natural ecosystem behavior.
Concentrated solar plantMassachusetts Institute of Technology
Optimal arrangement of solar array mirrors based on Fibonacci spirals.
Anti-icing coating prevents frost and ice buildupRykaczewski Research Group, Arizona State University
Coating infused with antifreeze reduces frost and ice accumulation
Interest in biomimicry has skyrocketed over the past decade, and there are now thousands of Resources—including books, articles, videos, lesson plans, groups, training programs, and more—available to folks who want to learn, teach, and practice this valuable problem solving approach. Get started with a few of our favorites here …
Sharing Biomimicry with Young PeopleBiomimicry Institute
An orientation to biomimicry for K-12 teachers and others who work with youth.
The world is poorly designed. But copying nature helps.Vox and 99% Invisible
This 6 minute video introduces biomimicry, the application of biomimicry at different scales, and connections to the circular economy.
Biomimicry Basics: How to Innovate Using Nature’s StrategiesDenise DeLuca
In this 4-hour online course you will learn a step by step method for turning nature's strategies into innovative design solutions using the biomimicry design spiral.
Collections tie together Biological Strategies, Inspired Ideas, and Resources into themes that are often correlated with a particular human challenge, geographic area, or set of environmental conditions. Check out a few of our favorites and then start your own …
Chemistry of Nature
How can we learn from nature to create materials without using life-threatening chemicals and high temperatures?
Solving for a changing climate
The science is clear, and so is our imperative. What can we learn from nature as we design solutions for mitigating, adapting to, and reversing climate change?
Cooling Down In The Heat
From sweating, to panting, to pulling water from air, living systems rely on a number of forms and processes to stay cool and hydrated.
“Nature is constantly innovating, endlessly experimenting and ever reinventing itself in the face of new challenges.
From materials and products to business models, biomimicry offers a fresh lens for all the dreamers and doers remaking the man-made world.”