protect from floods
Nature’s refined solutions, mapped to your design challenges.
Structure distributes stressScots Pine
Trunks and branches of trees withstand external stresses through load-adaptive growth.
Flowers deceptively mimic fungi
Flowers of the Aristolochia arborea tree mimic fungi to trap unsuspecting pollinators
Quills penetrate easilyNorth American porcupine
Quills of the North American porcupine penetrate tissue easily due to stress concentration at the barbs that likely stretches or tears tissue fibers locally at the interface of the quill.
View all Biological Strategies
Design solutions to human challenges, inspired by biological strategies.
Hairy self-cleaning surfacesUniversity of Florida, Sigmund's Group, Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Non-stick surface without chemicals
Friction-reducing ship coatingFraunhofer CML
A superhydrophobic coating on the outside of ships reduces frictional resistance, allowing vessels to move more easily through the water.
StoColor® Lotusan® paintSto
Microstructures in paint create self-cleaning and anti-fouling surfaces.
View all Inspired Ideas
Everything you need to learn and teach about biomimicry and life centered design.
Weird NatureJohn Downer
Some of the most fantastic behaviors of real animals are explored in this beautifully illustrated companion volume to a BBC/ Discovery Channel series.
Introduction to the Nature JournalSmithsonian Learning Lab
Through two lesson plans, students will learn to use telling details to describe an animal. They then will take notes while watching zoo web cams to help them write descriptions of what they observed.
Bionics in Action: The Design Work of Franco LodatoJens Bernsen
Franco Lodato, a designer whose career includes work for DuPont, Gillette, and other companies, studied bionics and natural design which in turn influenced his designs. This book is filled with product images along with photos and sketches of nature.
View all Resources
Themed clusters of strategies, ideas, and resources, curated by you.
Repel microbes from surfaces
How might we keep surfaces clean and free from contamination?
Biomimicry for Kids
A sampling of our favorite resources for introducing biomimicry to the young people in our lives.
Nature’s joining technologies
What can humans learn from nature to join and separate complex materials cleanly and efficiently?
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How might we …
Here are a few Biological Strategies to get you started …
Photosynthesis converts solar energy into chemical energyplants
Photosynthesis in plants converts solar energy into chemical energy using electrons and protons from water.
Pupil enables clear vision in extreme light conditionsTokay Gecko, ,
The pupil of nocturnal geckos enables clear vision in extreme light conditions by becoming very large at night and constricting to a thin slit with several pinholes during the day.
Hairy legs manipulate sticky web strandsSpinybacked orbweaver, Golden Silk Orbweaver
Leg hairs of orb-weaver spiders enable sticky web manipulation by reducing contact area.
From permaculture to Velcro® to winglets, humans have been looking to nature for inspiration for as long as we’ve been inventing. Inspired Ideas catalog the stories behind realized and conceptual product, service, and system components that have their roots in biology …
The Land Institute permacultureThe Land Institute
Perennial grain cropping mimics natural ecosystem behavior.
Concentrated solar plantMassachusetts Institute of Technology
Optimal arrangement of solar array mirrors based on Fibonacci spirals.
Anti-icing coating prevents frost and ice buildupRykaczewski Research Group, Arizona State University
Coating infused with antifreeze reduces frost and ice accumulation
Interest in biomimicry has skyrocketed over the past decade, and there are now thousands of Resources—including books, articles, videos, lesson plans, groups, training programs, and more—available to folks who want to learn, teach, and practice this valuable problem solving approach. Get started with a few of our favorites here …
Sharing Biomimicry with Young PeopleBiomimicry Institute
An orientation to biomimicry for K-12 teachers and others who work with youth.
The world is poorly designed. But copying nature helps.Vox and 99% Invisible
This 6 minute video introduces biomimicry, the application of biomimicry at different scales, and connections to the circular economy.
Biomimicry Basics: How to Innovate Using Nature’s StrategiesDenise DeLuca
In this 4-hour online course you will learn a step by step method for turning nature's strategies into innovative design solutions using the biomimicry design spiral.
Collections tie together Biological Strategies, Inspired Ideas, and Resources into themes that are often correlated with a particular human challenge, geographic area, or set of environmental conditions. Check out a few of our favorites and then start your own …
Chemistry of Nature
How can we learn from nature to create materials without using life-threatening chemicals and high temperatures?
Solving for a changing climate
The science is clear, and so is our imperative. What can we learn from nature as we design solutions for mitigating, adapting to, and reversing climate change?
Cooling Down In The Heat
From sweating, to panting, to pulling water from air, living systems rely on a number of forms and processes to stay cool and hydrated.
“Nature is constantly innovating, endlessly experimenting and ever reinventing itself in the face of new challenges.
From materials and products to business models, biomimicry offers a fresh lens for all the dreamers and doers remaking the man-made world.”