The mouthparts of African biting flies can pierce tough hippopotamus hides due to their ultra-strong, needle-like structure.

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References

"Tabanids (horseflies and deerflies) have large heads, large eyes, and especially large and sharp piercing mouthparts – in some African species, strong enough to pierce through tough hippopotamus hide." (Crump 2005:71)

Book
Headless Males Make Great Lovers: And Other Unusual Natural HistoriesUniversity of Chicago PressMay 1, 2007
Marty Crump

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Living System/s

Organism
Horaga paullusInfraspecies

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Organism
Horse FliesTabanidaeFamily

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