Multicolor gill polypores and other brown rot fungi break down cellulose and some toxins using digestive enzymes.

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"The powerful enzymes secreted by certain fungi digest lignin and cellulose, the primary structural components of wood. These digestive enzymes can also break down a surprisingly wide range of toxins that have chemical bonds like those in wood. Such mushrooms can be classified into 2 subgroups: brown rotters and white rotters. Only about 7 percent of mushrooms are brown rot fungi; of those, about 70 percent are polypores (Gilbertson and Ryvarden 1986-87). Brown rot fungi's extracellular enzymes break down the white, pulpy cellulose, leaving behind the brownish lignin (hence the name)." (Stamets 2005:82)

Mycelium Running: How Mushrooms Can Help Save the WorldOctober 1, 2005
Paul Stamets

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